Inertial Navigation Systems (INS) heavily rely on gyroscopes, along with accelerometers, to determine an object’s orientation, velocity, and position. Gyroscopes provide information about angular motion, which is integrated over time to calculate orientation.

Applications of gyroscopes in INS include:

  • Aviation: Aircraft attitude indicators, autopilot systems, and navigation instruments.
  • Marine: Ship stabilization systems, navigation in GPS-denied environments, and underwater vehicles.
  • Land Vehicles: Vehicle stability control systems and inertial navigation for autonomous vehicles.
  • Aerospace: Spacecraft attitude control and stabilization during maneuvers.

By accurately measuring angular motion, gyroscopes enable INS to provide reliable navigation solutions, even in environments where external references like GPS signals may be unavailable or unreliable.